Orbits of the universe
 

                                      

Introduction:

 An amazing fact that was revealed by the Quran 1400 years ago:

 - Before the invention of telescopes, satellites or any machine that allowed humans to observe  outer space the holy Quran made it clear more than once that everything in this universe has an orbit in which it rotates, this article will show the verses from the Quran which describe this and what modern science has discovered.

 *The sun and the moon both move in orbits:

Quran:

“And He it is Who has created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon, each in an orbit floating.” Surah Al Anbia’ verse: 33

“And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term (appointed). That is the Decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing. And the moon, We have measured for it mansions (to traverse) till it returns like the old dried curved date stalk. It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day. They all float, each in an orbit.”  Surah Yasin verses: 38-40

These previous verses from the Quran state clearly that the sun and moon move in predetermined orbits,

Modern science:

-According to the calculations of experts on astronomy, the sun is traveling at the enormous speed of 720 thousand kilometers an hour in the direction of the star Vega in a particular orbit called the Solar Apex. This means that the sun travels roughly 17 million and 280 thousand kilometers a day. Along with the sun, all planets within the gravitational system of the sun also travel the same distance. In addition, all the stars in the universe are in a similar planned motion.

                                                 

 

-The Moon is 384,403 kilometers (238,857 miles) distant from the Earth. Its diameter is 3,476 kilometers (2,160 miles). Both the rotation of the Moon and its revolution around Earth takes 27 days, 7 hours, and 43 minutes.

  

*The entire universe is full of paths and orbits:

 

Quran:

“By the sky full of paths and orbits.” Surah adh-Dhariyat verse: 7

In this verse Allah swears by the sky which is full of paths and orbits to prove to who reads the Quran the truth of his words.

 

 Modern science:

There are about 200 billion galaxies in the universe consisting of nearly 200 billion stars in each. Most of these stars have planets and most of those planets have satellites. All of these heavenly bodies move in very precisely computed orbits. For millions of years, each has been “swimming” along in its own orbit in perfect harmony and order with all the others. Moreover, many comets also move along in the orbits determined for them.

The orbits in the universe do not only belong to celestial bodies. The galaxies also travel at enormous speeds in computed, planned orbits. During these movements, none of these celestial bodies cut across another’s path, or collide with another. Indeed, it has been observed that some galaxies pass through each other with none of their components touching each other.

Halley's Comet:

                               

Like many other comets in the universe, Halley's comet, seen above, also moves in a planned orbit. It has a specific orbit and it moves in this orbit in a perfect harmony with other celestial bodies. All celestial bodies including planets, stars, and even galaxies have their own orbits that have been determined with very delicate computations. The One Who established this perfect order and maintains it is God, Who created the entire universe.

Conclusion:

Surely at the time the Quran was revealed, humankind did not possess today’s telescopes or advanced observation technologies to observe space in a range of millions of kilometers, nor the modern knowledge of physics or astronomy. Therefore, at that time, it was not possible to determine scientifically that space is “full of paths and orbits” as stated in the Quran. However, this was openly declared to us in the Quran that was revealed at that time, because the Quran is the word of God.



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